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Human Services: Writing

Resources for Human Services coursework. Includes information about academic research, sociology & psychology databases, and APA citation style.

Research for HMS

When writing a paper or developing a presentation, you will need to do research to find the information that you'll use as evidence to support your argument, introduce a counter argument or challenge, or to simply introduce new information to the reader.

Academic and professional research requires more than just a quick Google search and the cutting and pasting of a few relevant quotes.

This research guide will take you step by step through the research process and show you how to use library and web to find relevant, credible sources.

Writing Tutor



Monday – Friday: 8:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m (through email)

Ms. Morris will respond within 48-72 business hours with comments and suggestions for your paper’s revision.

To assist you effectively, please include your professor’s assignment requirements with your paper. (Save your paper as a Microsoft Word document; attach this doc file to your email.) When submitting your E-mail message, include in the Subject line your ECTC course number and professor’s last name (example: Smith,ENG102paper).

Submit your paper and professor’s assignment instructions to


Monday, Wednesday, Thursday: 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Room 102A-ATB

Please bring your printed paper and assignment requirements.

We're here to help you!


Yvonne Morris
Academic Technical Building, Room 102A

Writing Summaries

Writing a SUMMARY of an article

The purpose of a summary is to give the reader a clear, objective overview of the original text. Most importantly, the summary restates only the main points of an article without giving examples or details, such as dates, numbers or statistics.

Guidelines for writing a summary of an article:

  1. State the main ideas of the article.
  2. Identify the most important details that support the main ideas.
  3. Write your summary in your own words; avoid copying phrases and sentences from the article unless they’re direct quotations. Do not quote the abstract.
  4. Express what the article is generally about, do not just restate superficial details.

Adapted from "Guidelines for Writing a Summary" by Christine Bauer-Ramazani, Saint Michael's College.

Purdue Online Writing Center (OWL) Definition

Popular vs. Trade vs. Scholarly Sources

The type of source in which your information is found is important because each type of source (popular, trade, scholarly) serves a distinct purpose and is written for a specific audience. Knowing the type of source you are using for your research is the first step in evaluation.


Scholarly articles are often referred to as academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed. The intended audience is academic, often other researchers or experts in the academic discipline.